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PUNJABI WEDDING RITUALS

 
 
PUNJABI PRE-WEDDING RITUALS

Roka Ceremony Roka ceremony signifies that both the families of the bride and bridegroom have accepted the marriage proposal. It is a small function involving the family members and close relatives from both sides, wherein  they exchange gifts, sweets, fruits and dry fruits.

Sagan and Chunni Chadana Sagan ceremony is held either at the groom’s or bride’s residence. It is a simple ceremony in which havan ceremony is performed after which the father of the bride puts sacred tilak on the groom’s forehead .This is followed by gifts and sweets being offered to the groom by the relatives and friends from the bride’s side.

Chunni chadana, is held at the bride’s house. The groom’s parents and close relatives visit the bride and present her with gifts, The boy’s sister or sister in law presents the girl with a red sari, (considered auspicious). The mother-in-law places a red chunni on the girl’s head and adorns her with some jewellery item. Following this is a ritual, in which the girl is fed Kheer (rice boiled in milk and sugar) by all the relatives of the boy that are present at the time.

Sangeet & Mehandi Sangeet is the musical program, which is held at both the bride as well as groom’s house. This is done basically as an official announcement of the concluded marriage proposal. In this function, wedding folk songs are sung .

Kwar Dhoti. Here mehandi is taken by the boy’s sister and brother-in-law and applied to the girl’s hands and feet. Dry fruits, specifically dry dates are also given. The girl eats half of one dry date and the other half is eaten by the boy later on. .

Chuda & Ghara Ghardoli Chuda ceremony commences with a havan ceremony performed by a pundit. The chudas are supposed to be a set of red and cream ivory bangles .After the havan, the pundit ties a mauli on the wrist of the prospective bride. The oldest maternal uncle and aunt are supposed to be fasting on the day till the ritual is completed. All people present touch the chuda and bless the girl for a happy future. Flower petals are also showered on the prospective bride as blessings. Prasad is distributed to all. After that, the girl’s uncle, aunt, friends and cousins tie kaliras (silver, gold or gold plated traditional ornaments) to the bangle worn by the girl
Four lamps or diyas are customarily lit, and the bride sits in a manner that the glow is reflected on her face. This is followed by Vatna which involves applying the paste made from turmeric powder and mustard oil all over the girl’s body by her female friends and relatives. This is supposed to add glow to the skin.

In the Ghara Ghardoli ceremony, the bride’s siblings are supposed to visit a temple to fill a pitcher with holy water which is used for bathing the girl. The ghara ghardoli and the vatna ceremonies are also performed in the groom’s house and ideally the boys sister-in-law is supposed to bring the pitcher of water.
After this, the bride and groom wear their wedding attire which is to them by their respective maternal uncles.

 
PUNJABI MAIN WEDDING RITUALS

Milni Ceremony
Milni is marked by exchange of garlands and sprinkling of rose water . The Groom’s barat upon reaching the venue, is greeted by the close relatives of the bride and close relatives of Groom are presented with Shagun  ( Token of good luck in form of cash and clothes).

Varmala Varmala is the exchange of Garland between Bride and Groom . Sometimes for this ceremony designer sets like revolving Stage and hanging platform are used. This is often accompanied by teasing from friends and relatives of the bride and groom.

Muhurat Is an auspicious time chosen for the performance of wedding ceremony. At the time of muhurat, the purohit conducts a puja for the groom, in which the groom is asked to chant the first few mantras. Sometimes during this ceremony, the bride’s sisters indulge in stealing of grooms shoes. It is supposed to be a fun tradition where the groom is later charged some money for the return of his shoes.

Vedi ceremonies Important traditions during the vedi are

Kanyadaan, the bride’s father giving his daughter's hand to the groom,

Mangalpheras Chanting Mantras in front of the sacred fire,

Sindoor :The groom applies vermilion to the girls forehead at the beginning of the hair partition

Mangalsutra the groom ties a beaded necklace to the girl’s neck.    

Seeking Blessing: The groom and Bride Now seek blessings from all the elders by touching their feet

 
PUNJABI POST WEDDING RITUALS
Vidaai Ceremony In the Vidaai ceremony, the bride departs from her parental house and bids goodbye to her parents, friends and relatives. She throws puffed rice over her head. Thereafter, she boards a beautifully decorated car and heads her way towards her new home. Usually, the girl’s brother accompanies her.

Welcoming the Bride On arrival at the groom’s house, the bride is asked to wait outside the main door . Then the mother-in-law puts sarson ka tel (mustard oil) on both the sides of the entrance door and performs a traditional aarti of both the bride and the groom. Upon entering the house the couple first seek the blessings of god from the picture/idols situated inside.

Mooh Dikhai Ki Rasm Mooh dikhai is the showing of bride to the groom’s family and relatives. Basically, it is a form of introduction. The mother-in-law gives her bride jewelry, cash and gifts. It is a ceremony to facilitate intimacy. The other relatives also give presents and cash to the bride.

Reception Party To make the bride feel at home, the grooms parents usually throw a reception party. It is an occasion, where the newly wedded couple is given a warm welcome by all.

Phera Dalna Phera Dalna ritual, is when the newly wedded couple visits the bride’s house on the next day after marriage for a special lunch. Usually, the girl’s brother comes to take them back to his home..Here they are given lots of gifts and sweets.
 
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